“What is being lost? Plants, animals, entire ecosystems that took tens of thousands to millions of years to evolve. What is being gained in their place? Species that dominate and destabilize the environment.” Dr. E. O. Wilson in the Forward to “Strangers in Paradise”  by Daniel Simberloff, Don Schmitz, and Tom Brown, Island Press, 1997

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  • VARGAS, M., Gomez, J. & Perera, G. 1991.
    Geographic expansion of Marisa cornuarietis and Tarebia granifera in the Dominican Replublic.
    J. Med. & Appl. Malacol., 3: 69 – 72.
  • WARMOES, T. & Devriese R. 1985.
    Land- en zoetwatermollusken van de Benelux, tweede druk.
    Jeugdbond voor Natuurstudie en Milieubescherming v.z.w. 146 pp. Gent.
  • WINIK, B. C., CATALAN, N. M. Y. & SCLICK, O. C. 2000.
    Genesis of the apyrene parasperm in the apple snail Pomacea canaliculata (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae): An ultrastructural study.
    Journal of  Molluscian Studies, 67: 81-93. [
  • YUSA, Y., 2001.
    Predation on eggs of the apple snail Pomacea canaliculata (Gastropoda: Ampullaridae) by the fire ant Solenopsis geminata.
    Journal of Molluscian Studies, London, 67: 275-279. [
  • YUSA, Y. & SUZUKI, Y. 2003.
    A snail with unbiased population sex ratios but higly biased brood sex ratio.
    Proc. R. Soc. Lond., 270: 283-288.


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The Snail Busters Blog was created to facilitate communication between aquatic resource managers who are fighting the spread of invasive, South American apple snails, specifically Pomacea maculata (formerly P. insularum) and P. canaliculata, in the U.S.

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